Using dendroecological and archaeological methods and data we investigated the temporal dynamics of forest regeneration and fire history following depopulation of four large Pueblo IV period (1300-1600) villages on the Jemez Plateau, New Mexico.With tree rings we reconstructed the timing of reforestation on village footprints after depopulation–a novel approach to terminus ante quem dating of site occupation.Thus, from the oldest to the youngest, all archaeological sites are likely to be dated by an appropriate method.
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Relative dating methods are unable to determine the absolute age of an object or event, but can determine the impossibility of happening for a particular event before or after had happen another event of which the absolute date is well known.
In this relative dating method, Latin terms ante quem and post quem are usually used to indicate both the oldest and the most recent possible moments when an event occurred or an artifact was left in a stratum.
Chronological dating, or simply dating, is the process of attributing to an object or event a date in the past, allowing such object or event to be located in a previously established chronology.
This usually requires what is commonly known as a "dating method".
On the other hand, remains as recent as a hundred years old can also be the target of archaeological dating methods.
It was the case of an 18th-century sloop whose excavation was led in South Carolina (United States) in 1992.
The terminus ante quem methods that we demonstrate in the Jemez Mountains have strong potential to constrain and refine low temporal resolution chronologies of human occupation at archaeological sites within other forested ecosystems of the Southwest and elsewhere. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona.
The terminus ante quem methods that we demonstrate in the Jemez Mountains have strong potential to constrain and refine low temporal resolution chronologies of human occupation at archaeological sites within other forested ecosystems of the Southwest and elsewhere.
An example of a practical application of seriation, is the comparison of the known style of artefacts such as stone tools or pottery.